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Careers/Roles



What Does a School Counselor Do?
Parents, administrators, teachers and students considering a career in school counseling often wonder just what it is school counselors do on a daily basis. Why do we need school counselors anyway? On a daily basis, school counselors are involved in character education, violence prevention, career planning and much more.

This section of ASCA's website contains a wealth of information on the roles of school counselors, how to become a school counselor, promoting your school counseling program, research on the effectiveness of school counseling and more.

Feel free to use any of these materials at back-to-school nights, faculty meetings, school board meetings, one-on-one parent meetings or any other time you want to share information about your roles and expertise with others. 

Roles, Duties and Competencies Student-to-Counselor Ratios
Although ASCA recommends a 250-to-1 ratio of students to counselors, the national average is actually 482-to-1 for the 2014-2015 school year (the most recent year for which data are available). See how the individual states stack up (states alphabetically or states from lowest to highest ratio).

Certification and Continuing Education Requirements
Every state has different requirements for certification and continuing education for practicing school counselors. Additionally, two organizations provide school-counseling-related certification options. Click here for a chart comparing the details of NBCC and NBPTS accreditation.

School Counseling Training
Looking to enter the school counseling field? There are hundreds of colleges and universities across the country with certificates, master's degrees, Ph.D., Ed.D. or PsyD programs in school counseling, counselor education or counseling psychology. Check out the programs.

Search for School Counseling Jobs
Looking to hire a school counselor or find a new school counseling job yourself? ASCA is working with Teachers-Teachers.com to provide a job search resource to members. This free job search resource is targeted to education job seekers and recruiters. Set up your free account today. Or, look for job openings or post your job ads on the ASCA SCENE. (Nonmembers wishing to post a job opening on the SCENE can contact Lachelle Metcalf.)