The School Counselor and School-Family-Community Partnerships
(Adopted 2010, Revised 2016)
ASCA PositionSchool counselors have an essential and unique role in promoting, facilitating and advocating for collaboration with parents/guardians and community stakeholders. These collaborations are an important aspect of implementing equitable, data-informed, school counseling programs promoting all students’successful academic, career and social/emotional development .
The RationaleResearch indicates the school counselor investment in the partnership of school-family-community collaboration enhances student achievement (Bryan & Henry, 2012; Emde, 2015; Epstein & Van Voorhis, 2010; Griffin & Farris, 2010). Student achievement is defined by greater investment in academics, social/emotional well-being and college preparedness (Hann Morrison, 2011). School counselors enhance the collaboration of school-family-community stakeholders by being the catalyst through which these collaborations occur (Bryan & Henry, 2012). Family involvement benefits both the student and the school as it increases student achievement and attendance, promotes career development, enhances school climate and fosters student resilience (Epstein & Sheldon, 2006). School-family-community partnerships can support the effective and efficient delivery of school counseling program services to promote student success (Taylor & Adelman, 2000).
The School Counselor's RoleSchool counselors work with students, their families, school staff and community members in the implementation of a school counseling program in establishing school and community partnerships that:
- promote student academic, career and social/emotional development
- inform the school community about relevant community resources
- actively pursue collaboration with family members and community stakeholders
- remove barriers to the successful implementation of school-family-community partnerships (e.g., mistrust and miscommunication between parties, resistance to the concept and practice, transportation and childcare issues, accessible meeting times)
SummarySchool-family-community partnerships have increased the successful academic, career and social/emotional development of all students. School counselors are called on to create, lead, facilitate and assess these partnerships and work to remove barriers to these helpful collaborative relationships.
ReferencesBryan, J., & Henry, L. (2012). A model for building school family community partnerships: Principles and process. Journal of Counseling & Development, 90(4), 408 420. doi:10.1002/j.1556 6676.2012.00052.x
Emde, R., J. (2015). Parents’ perceptions of and experiences with professional school counselors. Retrieved from Proquest; Ann Arbor, MI.
Epstein, J. L., & Sheldon, S. B. (2006). Moving forward: Ideas for research on school, family, and community partnerships. In C. F. Conrad & R. Serlin (Eds.), SAGE Handbook for Research in Education: Engaging Ideas and Enriching Inquiry (pp. 117-138). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Epstein, J. L., & Van Voorhis, F. L. (2010). School counselors’ roles in developing partnerships with families and communities for student success. Professional School Counseling, 14(1), 1 14.
Griffin, D., & Farris, A. (2010). School counselors and collaboration: Finding resourcesthrough community asset mapping. Professional School Counseling, 13(1), 248 256.
Hann Morrison, D. (2011). The varied roles of school counselors in rural settings. Georgia School Counseling Association Journal, 18(1), 26 33.
Taylor, L., & Aldeman, H. S. (2000). Connecting schools, families, and communities. Professional School Counseling, 3(5), 298-308.
Amatea, E., & West-Olatunji, C. (2007). Joining the conversation about educating our poorest children: Emerging leadership roles for school counselors in high-poverty schools. Professional School Counseling, 11(2), 81-89.
Bosworth, K., & Walz, G. (2005). Promoting student resiliency. Alexandria, VA: American Counseling Association.
Bryan, J. (2005). Fostering educational resilience and achievement in urban schools through school-family-community partnerships. Professional School Counseling, 8(3), 219-228.
Bryan, J. & Holcomb-McCoy, C. (2007). An examination of school counselor involvement in school-family-community partnerships. Professional School Counseling, 10(5), 441–454.